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    Babo Airfield West Papua Province (West Irian Jaya) Indonesia

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USAAF Sept 8, 1943

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USAAF June 5, 1944

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USAAF 1944

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G. A. 2007

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A. Judihardianto 2008

Location
Lat 2° 31' 56S Long 133° 26' 20E  Babo Airfield is located near Babo on the southern shore of Maccluer Gulf in an isolated low lying swamp area.

Construction
Built by the Dutch prewar, it was the final stop for KLM airlines route in Dutch New Guinea.

Wartime usage by Allies
During November 1941, a Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) engineering party with the assistance of the Dutch personnel upgraded the airfield for military use. Known to the Australians as "Auxiliary Base at Babo". During January 1942, three Hudsons from RAAF 13 Squadron were sent there to act as 'fighters', this temporary duty was regarded to be against enemy flying boats while the Dutch KNIL garrison of approximately 200 rushed to improve area defenses and build a clearing for use as a second runway.

Allied units at Babo
(RAAF) 13 Squadron (Hudson x 3) January 1942 - January 25, 1942 Darwin

On December 30, 1941 bombed by Japanese H6K Emily flying boats, leaving three dead and 14 wounded, including a number of children. On January 25, 1942 RAAF 13 Squadron evacuated Babo departing aboard their Hudsons to Darwin with the airfield abandoned by the end of the month.

Japanese missions against Babo
December 30, 1941

Japanese occupation and use
A Japanese Army 2nd Detachment landed at Babo on April 2, 1942 and occupied the town and airfield. Most of the Dutch soldiers escaped to Australia. The airfield was developed into a major base used by both Japanese Army aircraft from the 7th Air Division and land based Navy units as a staging point to southern airfields on Aru and Kai to the south or New Guinea to the east.

During the Japanese occupation, the airfield was repaired and expanded. The Japanese built a second 'hardtop' runway. The two runways measured 4,530' and 2,660'.  Naval troops constructed 15 bomber and 24 fighter revetments with more under construction.

Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) based at Babo
202 Kokutai (formally 3rd Kokutai - A6M Zero) early 1943 - March 1944 Truk, returns June 44
311th Hikotai of the 153 Kokutai - (A6M3 Zero / A6M5 Zero)
732 Kokutai (G4M1 Betty)
753 Kokutai (G4M1 Betty)
Japanese Army Air Force (JAAF), 7th Air Division based at Babo
59th Sentai (Ki-43) May 1943
61st Sentai (Ki-49 Helen)
24th Sentai, 1st Chutai (Ki-43-II Oscar) Sumatra May 1943 to Dagua
34th Sentai (Ki-48) 1943
59th Sentai (Ki-43-II Oscar detachment) Malang March 1943 - April 1943 But
70th Dokuritsu Chutai (Ki-46 Dinah)
73rd Dokuritsu Chutai (Ki-51 Sonia)
45th Sentai (Ki-45 Nick) 16 arrive February 19, 1944 to Wakde
75th Sentai (Ki-48 Lily)
25th Special Base Unit (G4M Betty and Topsy Transports)

Allied missions against Babo
February 7, 1943 - November 5, 1944

Frontline airfield and neutralization
During the middle of 1943, the airfield became a regular target for Allied aircraft. By mid-1944, the base was in range of medium bombers and strafers from the 5th Air Force, and came under heavy attack. After the American landing at Biak on May 27, 1944, aircraft from Babo opposed the American landings but suffered heavy losses.  The 24th Sentai lost 20 pilots and 40 planes while based at Babo in only 30 days before being withdrawn. The 202nd Kokutai was temporarily withdrawn from Babo for defense of Truk, then returned to Babo in June 1944. They lost 12 planes defending Biak, and were then disbanded.

Tons of American and Australian bombs hit the airfield. Many of its aircraft were destroyed by parafrag bombs. Japanese ground crews even sawed off the engines from wrecked planes, in a desperate attempt to ward off further attacks, and used hulks to fill in bomb craters. The base was neutralized from the air around October 1944. Isolated from resupply or rescue, the remaining Japanese remained at the base until the end of the war.

Post War
The airfield remained relatively undisturbed after the war, with limited flights flying to this remote location. Until the late 1970's many aircraft survived in remarkably intact condition.

Randy Ogg visited in 1976:
"I spent most of 1976 in the area near Babo. I was flying for an Indonesian company. We were contracted to Sun Oil Company to support their drilling rig and geophysical exploration in the area, and operated from the tiny island of Tugumawa in Arguni Bay. Sun Oil drilled three dry holes there and abandoned their lease. I would like to visit the area again. We had a base camp at the Kaimana Airstrip. I was able to spend a half day visiting Babo Airfield. I still have 32 color prints and negatives that I took during my visit to Babo late in 1976. Some of the aircraft were still sitting up on their wheels. Those are probably the ones that have been removed by collectors. I can remember that there was an extensive grassy area to the west of Babo that was not rain forest. From the air we could distinctly see the outlines of 2 or 3 other airfields out there. I don't remember seeing any aircraft or other equipment on those airfields. The area was a fascinating place to work, but was infamous for its virulent malaria. The airstrip had recently been repaved. The only WWII junk we found around there was an artillery piece on the shoreline. I examined it and saw that it was of American manufacture, so the airfield probably changed hands later in the war."

Word quickly circulated about the aircraft wrecks including a series of photos by Roy Worcester taken circa 1972 that were included Charles Darby's famous book Pacific Aircraft Wrecks.

During the 1980s, the Indonesian Air Force Museum recovered the most intact Ki-48 Lilly, A6M5 Zero, Ki-51 Sonia and Ki-43 Oscar for their museum.

In 1991 Bruce Fenstermaker salvaged the following aircraft: G4M1 Betty 1208 and A6M3 Zero 3869, A6M2 Zero Tail 33, D4Y1 Judy and Ki-61 Tony plus pieces of other aircraft. These were containered and exported to California.

Bas Kereger reports:
"Max Ammer was very sad [after visiting], as what he had seen in 1995 was completely demolished in the enlargement of the airfield for BP. What is left is just a junk yard. There are several interesting pieces in that junk yard."

Today
The airstrip is still in use as Babo Airport. Airport codes: ICAO: WASO, IATA: BXB. The single runway is oriented 20/02 and measures 4.280' x 98' surfaced with asphalt. Serviced by Mapita Airlines.

During late 2002 British Petroleum (BP) began upgrading the airfield and clearing WWII ordinance to build a gas drill rig just off the airstrip. This resulted in the discovery of a mixture of 1000, 500, 250 and 100 pound bombs. This new development and increased development in the Babo area will undoubtedly lead to more discoveries in the area.

John Friar participated in the bomb cleanup:
"[The bombs we discovered were fitted with a] British lifting lug, they were also fitted with two lifting lugs at 180 degrees to the British one. This indicates that they were modified to be dropped by American aircraft that all use the two lifting lug system. This is confirmed by the fact that most of the fuses fitted were American. Two of the 250 pound bombs were fitted with a very early design British fuse, dating to very early 30s."

References
Aeroplane Monthly "A Shadow of the Rising Sun" by John Hooper January 1974
Pacific Aircraft Wrecks pages 14-15, 65-67, 80
Thanks to Bruce Fenstermaker and Richard Dunn for additional information

Aircraft at Babo, Status Unknown

A6M3 Zero (Twisted Tail)
Remained at the airfield until at least 1991

A6M5 Zero (Cowl Removed)
Remained at the airfield until at least 1991

Ki-48 Lily
Remained at the airfield until at least 1976

A-20G Havoc 43-21430
Pilot Van crashed July 9, 1944 into taxiway after being hit by anti-aircraft fire

Aircraft Salvaged from Babo

Kawasaki Ki-48-II Lily
Recovered to Biak by Indonesian military, then to Indonesian Air Force Museum

A6M5 Model 52 Zero
Recovered in the 1980s, static restored in Indonesian Markings

Ki-43-II Oscar
Recovered, static restoration in Indonesian Markings at Indonesian Air Force Museum

Ki-51 Sonia
Recovered from Babo Airfield, static restored in Indonesian Markings

A6M2 Model 21 Zero Tail '33'
Recovered in 1990, used in restoration in Russia

A6M3 Model 22 Zero Manufacture Number 3869
Wreckage at Babo, salvaged in 1991

Ki-61 Tony Manufacture Number 7??
Front half in dump. Recovered in 1991 to California then to Russia

G4M1 Betty Manufacture Number 1280
Recovered in 1991 displayed at Planes of Fame Museum

D4Y1 Judy Manufacture Number ??83
Recovered from Babo, displayed at Planes of Fame, Arizona

References
RAAF Form A.50 No. 13 Squadron, RAAF - January 1942
"January 25, 1942: Auxiliary Base at Babo in Dutch New Guinea evacuated and personnel manning base returned to Darwin by air. 11 ground personnel affected. Abandonment of this base due to enemy action by terrific bombing attacks and through the lack of fighter protection."
"January 28, 1942: Evacuation ordered due to approach of convoy of enemy ships and lack of fighter protection. An umbrella of enemy fighters were over base most day making operations from this base extremely hazardous. Base for week or ten days prior to this date used only at night, aircraft dispersing during the day to Koepang, Namlea, Babo and other bases."

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Last Updated
May 3, 2016

 

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